An organization of “great international delinquency”, victims trapped in a “cycle of misfortune”: up to eleven years in prison were pronounced Wednesday in Paris at the trial of a vast network of Nigerian women , the “Authentic sisters.”
“Should we make an example in this case? Yes, of course,” said the President of the Criminal Court, Isabelle Prévost-Desprez, denouncing facts “of exceptional gravity”, “which violate the fundamental principles of the Republic.”
The court sentenced fifteen of the sixteen defendants, including ten “madames” pimps, for aggravated procuring and trafficking in human beings.
Most Nigerians were found guilty of illegally bringing young Nigerian girls to France and organizing their forced prostitution.
Built on the proven model of other Nigerian networks, that of the “Authentic sisters”, named after a club of “madames” installed in the Paris region, was part of the “international organized crime”, backed by “networks based on the corruption in Nigeria, Libya, France “, insisted the president.
The investigators counted at least 50 victims between 2013 and 2016 alone. Many came from Benin City, the Nigerian capital of human trafficking, or the poor countryside. They were most often sold by their families to recruiters at home in Nigeria, who in turn had connections with “madames” in France.
Against the organization of their smuggling in Europe with the help of smugglers and false documents – by plane or, it was cheaper, by the perilous Libyan route – these “madames” and recruiters asked the girls to pay them back a “debt”, often about 50,000 euros, through prostitution.
Before the departure, the victims were terrorized during a frightful ritual practiced by a sorcerer, the “juju” – a “contract of flesh and blood”, the prosecutor had described. The victim and her family pledged to repay the “debt” and not to denounce the pimps.
In France, “prisoners of their second mother”, the “madame”, young women found themselves “devoid of resources, the possibility of running away and escaping the cycle of misfortune”, according to Ms. Prévost-Desprez.
– “New slavery” –
Most of the defendants have themselves been sent to France by comparable networks. But, “far from wanting to prevent their compatriots this fate”, these “madames” instead preferred to “perpetuate a perfectly lucrative curse”, establishing “de facto a new slavery” in a “total absence of empathy for their victims “, continued the President of the court.
Regarded as the head of the “Authentic sisters”, Happy Iyenoma, aka “Mama Alicia”, was sentenced to ten years imprisonment and 200,000 euros fine, and arrested at the hearing. Her husband was also arrested.
Nine of the ten other “madames” judged by her side were sentenced to between two and ten years’ imprisonment, some of whom were heavily fined, and three were also arrested in the courtroom. One was released.
Four other men, involved to varying degrees in this network, were sentenced to between two and eleven years in prison.
Ten defendants, including Ms. Iyenoma, were permanently banned from staying in France. “Many people are struggling to stay” in France, “and do so without going through fraudulent networks even if they are in desperate human situations.” It is also in the name of all those “that have been pronounced these prohibitions, assailed the president.
Several young women have testified at the hearing of the hell of these networks: rapes, forced abortions, threats on their families …
Placed under silence during the investigation, two of the “mamas” said “pray” that these victims “do not come” in court. “Otherwise,” said one of them, “we will have nothing more to say”.
By Juliette MONTESSE, AFP.
Cipro for uti
Experts do know that cipro ciprofloxacin passes through breast milk, so it is uti not safe to cipro take cipro if what is cipro used for you are breastfeeding. The cipro optimal selection of cipro uti a uti cipro dosage title="Cipro side effects">cipro side effects prophylactic agent should be based on local antimicrobial resistance patterns. Escherichia coli, attributed to uti nearly 80 overall and for 90 of uti first infections in outpatients.5 Additional pathogens such. Acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women. Jaundice as an early diagnostic sign of urinary uti tract infection in infancy. Overall, short-course (either 3- cipro or cipro 5-day) therapy with ciprofloxacin was statistically equivalent cipro to conventional (7-day) therapy with either ciprofloxacin or norfloxacin. Pathogens, the cipro dosage for uti for most prevalent pathogen causing UTI in children. High rates for of antibiotic resistance are being seen for with both ampicillin and amoxicillin for cipro cystitis (E. Alert patients regarding hypoglycemic symptoms and carefully monitor blood glucose levels; instruct patients how to treat themselves if symptoms of hypoglycemia occur. Many patients can be treated with oral antibiotics; however, uti young infants, cipro the cipro severely ill, or those not tolerating oral medications should be evaluated for IV antibiotic treatment. The for following oral antibiotics are commonly used to treat most UTI infections (acute cystitis The fluoroquinolones, such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and levofloxacin (Levaquin) have also been commonly used for uncomplicated cystitis; however, July 2016 FDA recommendations strongly suggest that the. Doctors often prescribe Cipro for people with UTIs, as these infections are usually bacterial and respond well to this drug. However, the FDA advises that the serious side effects may cipro outweigh the benefits for patients with uncomplicated UTIs who have other treatment for options. This for is the most serious warning from the FDA, and it means that the FDA consider the drug uti to be potentially dangerous in some capacity. For anthrax infection (post-exposure Adults500 milligrams (mg) two for times a cipro day, taken every 12 hours. In areas uti with fluoroquinolone resistance exceeding 10 percent, in patients with more cipro severe for pyelonephritis, those with a complicated cipro UTI who have allergies to fluoroquinolones, or are unable to tolerate the drug class, intravenous therapy with an agent such as ceftriaxone. Women should either not take Cipro while cipro breastfeeding or should stop breastfeeding while taking the drug. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your for doctor ordered. The most common nosocomial pathogens include. If you need to take this medicine for anthrax infection, your doctor will want you to begin taking it as soon as possible after cipro you are exposed to anthrax. Dosing, for the dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. There are many drugs what is cipro used for that may interact with fluoroquinolones, such as Cipro, including: warfarin phenytoin antiarrhythmic drugs, such as amiodarone and quinidine tricyclic antidepressants, such as imipramine and amitriptyline theophylline ropinirole duloxetine cyclosporine diabetes drugs, such as glimepiride and glyburide methotrexate. Drug information provided by: Micromedex, take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Risk Factors, the ability to empty the bladder is the most important mechanism against an infection; therefore, uti obstruction to normal flow of urine predisposes children to a UTI. Optimal duration of oral therapy for treatment of UTI has not been identified. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. Your ongoing treatment should be based on susceptibility data received from the laboratory. Zerbaxa was first approved on December 19th, 2014 and is manufactured by Merck and. Wayne, NJ: Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc; October 2008. Do not freeze the bottle. The boxed warning for Cipro is for two separate risks. A longer course of antibiotic therapy. Pain, cramping in the lower stomach. Zerbaxa Zerbaxa (ceftolozane and tazobactam) is a cephalosporin and beta-lactamase inhibitor combination for the treatment of complicated cipro intra-abdominal infections and used with metronidazole. Timely treatment of acute pyelonephritis, particularly in younger children, is imperative to prevent renal injury and potential scarring. For oral dosage forms (suspension or tablets For infections: Adults250 to 750 milligrams (mg) two times a day, taken every 12 hours. If you don't take an antibiotic long enough, your infection can come back stronger. American Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology, cipro March 2015. Clinical Presentation, a UTI is the presence of a pathogen in the kidney, ureter, bladder, and/or for urethra. In a urinalysis, chemical components cipro of the urine are determined, and the doctor may look at urine color, clarity, and a view a sample under the microscope. Pregnant women should always see a doctor as soon as possible if they suspect they might have a UTI, as this can lead to a greater risk of delivering a low birth weight or premature infant. Resistance rates for the oral cephalosporins and amoxicillin/clavulanate are still usually less than 10 percent. In some people, ciprofloxacin may cause changes in brain cipro activity. Honkinen O, Jahnukainen T, Mertsola J,. An FDA safety review found that both oral and injectable fluoroquinolones (also called "quinolones are associated with disabling side effects involving tendons, muscles, joints, nerves and the central nervous system. It is also important to understand that several other antibiotics have similar side effects, though they may affect a person in slightly different ways. Try searching for what you seek or ask your own question. Renal scarring is a known cause of hypertension in children; thus, preventative measures in high-risk patients, specifically those of female gender and with a history of severe VUR, are warranted.17 Radiographic for studies such as a renal bladder ultrasound or voiding cystourethrography. Ciprofloxacin may increase muscle weakness caused by this condition. Your provider may recommend an OTC product called Uristat ( phenazopyridine ) to numb your bladder and urethra to ease the burning pain for during urination. Treatment, the goals of treatment for an acute UTI are to eradicate the infection, prevent urosepsis, and reduce the likelihood of renal damage.11 Initiation of an empiric antibiotic is based on the most likely pathogen and adjusted after results. People should always talk to a doctor to help find the best option in these situations. Be sure to finish your entire course of medication. A urine specimen can be collected by many methods including midstream clean-catch, suprapubic aspiration, urethral catheterization, and urine bag. Duration of inpatient intravenous antibiotic therapy and treatment failure in infants hospitalized with urinary tract infections. However, there are side effects that are common to most antibiotics, regardless of class or drug: Vaginal yeast infections or oral thrush (candida species Antibiotics may also change the normal flora balance in the vagina, and lead to a fungal overgrowth. However, some people are at risk of serious side effects if they take Cipro, and they may wish to discuss alternatives with their doctor. Abdominal (stomach) upset: Antibiotics are frequently linked with stomach upset such as nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite (anorexia stomach pain, or heartburn (dyspepsia). It is possible for Cipro to interact with other drugs. Anyone who has concerns about taking Cipro, or any of its possible side effects, should discuss them with a doctor. Studies have proven that recurrence of UTI is higher in a single-dose or 1-day regimen as compared to a 3- to 4-day regimen.15 A total of at least 10 days of antibiotic therapy is recommended for children with presumed pyelonephritis. FDA MedWatch Safety Alert, issued July 10, 2018, the FDA is strengthening the current warnings in the prescribing information for fluoroquinolone antibiotics to inform clinicians of significant decreases in blood glucose and certain mental health adverse cipro effects. Swallow the extended-release tablet whole. Antibiotics such as sulfonamides, penicillins, cephalosporins, cipro and fluoroquinolones may result in SJS and TEN. Commonly seen adverse reactions include tendinitis, tendon rupture, arthralgia, myalgia, peripheral neuropathy, and central nervous system effects (hallucinations, anxiety, depression, insomnia, severe headaches, and confusion these reactions can occur for within hours to weeks after starting uti therapy, including in patients. Serologic markers such as leukocyte esterase, nitrites, and the presence of white blood cells (WBCs) will aid in identification of an infection. It is okay to have dairy products or juice as part of a larger meal when for you take this medicine. In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that a surge in gonorrhea rates in 17 American cities between 19 might have been due to ciprofloxacin resistance. Hooton T,. Difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated. Johnson CE, Corey HE, Elder. Practice parameter: the diagnosis, treatment, and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Sept. Bacterial resistance The bacteria Escherichia coli cause most cases of UTIs. Thomas Hooton, MD, infectious disease specialist, University of Miami. More Resources: More Topics under Urinary Tract Infection: Micromedex uti Care Notes: Symptom Checker: See Also Sources Jepson RG, Williams G, Craig. Which antibiotic should be used to treat a UTI? Diagnosis, isolation of a pathogen from a urine culture is essential for a definitive diagnosis of a UTI.13 The urine culture should be obtained prior to initiation of antimicrobial therapy. However, a small study has suggested early, mild UTIs might clear up on their own. Difficile may need to be discontinued; appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment. Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy, April 2012. Further Information, search for questions, still looking for answers? Patients with an underlying urinary tract abnormality or complicated history of recurrent UTI, unusual pathogens, or immunodeficiency may require a broadened antibiotic regimen. Unfortunately, culture results are usually not available in less than 24 hours; therefore, alternative testing methods are necessary to guide empiric antimicrobial therapy while the urine culture incubates. Prompt identification and treatment of a first or recurrent infection plays an important role in the prevention of sequelae. Firstly, Cipro may increase the risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture in people of all ages, which can lead to serious side effects, such as: nerve pain and a sensation of pins and needles chronic pain burning, numbness,. Among patients with urinary tract anomalies or impaired immune systems, less virulent organisms such. Do not keep for the mixed oral liquid for more than 14 days. Cipro is the brand name for ciprofloxacin, which is a type of antibiotic known as a fluoroquinolone. If the diarrhea uti is severe, bloody, or is accompanied by stomach cramps or vomiting, a physician should be contacted to rule out. Staphylococcus epidermidis, Haemophilus influenzae, and group B streptococcus may be responsible. The FDA recently approved ciprofloxacin for complicated UTI and pyelonephritis in children.14 Ciprofloxacin is not a first-line agent in pediatrics due to increased adverse events related to joints and surrounding tissues. Doing cipro so may allow the infection to return and potentially be worse. You should also take ciprofloxacin with caution if you have certain conditions. Do not double doses. The dose is usually 10 to 20 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) of body weight every 12 hours. For example, if you are to take one dose a day, try to take it at the same time each day. Urinary tract infections in childhood. Premature and low-birth-weight infants have higher rates of UTI as compared to full-term infants. Side effects, side effects are common with antibiotic, drugs such as Cipro. The oral liquid has small microcapsules floating. The most common antibiotics implicated in antibiotic-associated diarrhea are amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin, and cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, azithromycin, and clarithromycin.
- Cipro antibiotic
- Cipro dosage for uti
- Cipro for uti
- Cipro side effects
This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment. Peripheral Neuropathy Fluoroquinolones, including antibiotic cipro XR, have been associated with cipro an increased risk of peripheral neuropathy. Clinical Studies Uncomplicated Urinary Tract cipro Infections antibiotic (Acute Cystitis) cipro XR was evaluated for cipro the treatment antibiotic of uncomplicated UTIs (acute cystitis ) cipro in a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial conducted in the. Potential Risks With Concomitant Use Of Drugs Metabolized By Cytochrome P450 1A2 Enzymes Ciprofloxacin is an inhibitor of the hepatic CYP1A2 enzyme pathway. The overall incidence, type and distribution of adverse antibiotic reactions were similar in patients receiving both 500 mg and 1000 mg of cipro. Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Elimination half-life is only slightly (20) prolonged in the elderly. Ciprofloxacin may cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis if you are allergic. Methotrexate Use with caution Inhibition of methotrexate antibiotic renal tubular antibiotic transport potentially leading to increased methotrexate plasma levels Potential increase in the risk of methotrexate associated toxic reactions. Advise patients receiving ciprofloxacin to inform their healthcare provider immediately if these reactions occur, discontinue the drug, and institute appropriate care. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. The time to development of the first skin tumors was 50 weeks in mice treated concomitantly with UVA and ciprofloxacin (mouse dose approximately equal to the maximum recommended daily human dose of 1000 mg based upon body surface. Most patients with fatal outcomes were older than 55 years old. Medication Guide patient information cipro (Sip-row) ( ciprofloxacin hydrochloride) Tablets for oral use cipro (Sip-row) (ciprofloxacin hydrochloride) for oral suspension cipro IV (Sip-row) (ciprofloxacin) Injection for intravenous infusion Read this Medication Guide before you start taking cipro and each time you get a refill. Interested in a Discount on Ciprofloxacin? In the Per Protocol population, the differences between cipro XR and the control arm in bacteriologic eradication rates at the TOC visit were not consistent between AUP and cUTI antibiotic patients. Hepatic Impairment In preliminary studies in patients with stable chronic liver cirrhosis, no significant changes in ciprofloxacin pharmacokinetics have been observed. Cipro can be taken with or without food. Co-administration of cipro XR with other drugs primarily metabolized by CYP1A2 results in increased plasma concentrations of these drugs and could antibiotic lead to clinically significant adverse events of the co-administered drug. Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease antibiotic (CSD or cat scratch fever a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae, is characterized by fever. Ciprofloxacin is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of adverse reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Tendon rupture or swelling of the tendon (tendinitis). In addition, avoid the use of fluoroquinolones, including cipro XR, in patients who have experienced any of these serious adverse reactions associated with fluoroquinolones. Vomiting (1) cipro occurred in the 1000 mg group. Related Disease Conditions, jock Itch. For more information, including possible off-label uses. Cdad must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibacterial use. If concomitant use cannot be avoided, monitor serum levels of theophylline and adjust dosage as appropriate see drug interactions. Also watch for symptoms of low blood sugar such as sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling cipro hands/feet. Precautions, because fluoroquinolones, including cipro, have been associated with serious adverse reactions see warnings AND. Instruct patients to notify their physician if they experience any symptoms of muscle weakness, including respiratory difficulties. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. Inform parents of pediatric patients to notify their childfs physician of any joint-related problems that occur during or following ciprofloxacin therapy see warnings AND precautions and Use In Specific Populations. Inform patients that antacids containing magnesium, or aluminum, as well as sucralfate, antibiotic metal cations such as iron, and multivitamin preparations with zinc or didanosine should be taken at least two hours before or six hours after cipro cipro XR administration. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache. It's important to know that once you start a course of ciprofloxacin, you should finish the whole course. The pattern of injury can be hepatocellular, cholestatic or mixed. Urinary Tract Infection Quiz, how would you know if you had urinary tract infection (UTI)? At least 90 percent of the following bacteria exhibit an in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for ciprofloxacin (1 mcg/mL). Therefore, avoid excessive exposure to these sources of light. Take cipro Oral Suspension in the morning and evening at about the same time each day. Adverse reactions, judged by investigators to be at least possibly drug-related, occurring in greater than or equal to 1 of all cipro XR treated patients were: nausea (3 diarrhea (2 headache (1 dyspepsia (1 dizziness (1 and vaginal moniliasis (1). For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria.
Cipro dosage for uti
Current guidelines should be consulted for uti additional information. For complicated urinary tract infections: Adults1000 milligrams (mg) once a day. Known as drug resistance, this growing worldwide threat develops because bacteria can adapt, making antibiotics less effective or uti not effective at all. And stopping ciprofloxacin too soon can lead to cipro bacteria becoming resistant. Dosing, the dose of for this medicine will be different for for different patients. Doctors prescribe ciprofloxacin to for treat infections caused by many different species of bacteria, including: Common infections treated with ciprofloxacin include: Ciprofloxacin won't work against infections caused by viruses (such as colds and cipro the flu so your doctor will prescribe ciprofloxacin. This medicine works best when there is a constant amount in the blood or urine. For oral dosage form (extended-release tablets For uncomplicated urinary tract infections (acute cystitis Adults500 milligrams (mg) once a day for 3 days. Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from for heat, moisture, and direct light. The extended-release tablets are not interchangeable cipro with immediate-release tablets or oral suspension; extended-release tablets made by different manufacturers are not interchangeable due to different pharmacokinetics (e.g., CiproR XR and ProquinR XR). Applies to the following strengths: 100 mg; 250 mg; 500 mg; 750 mg; 200 mg/100 mL-5; 400 mg/200 cipro mL-5; 250 mg/5 mL; 500 mg/5 mL; 10 mg/mL; 1000. Contact physician if persistent headache (with or without blurred vision any symptoms of muscle weakness (including respiratory problems) or QT interval prolongation (including prolonged heart palpitations, loss of consciousness signs/symptoms dosage of liver dosage injury, or watery and bloody stools occur. The oral liquid has small microcapsules floating. Usual Adult Dose for Cholera idsa recommendations: 1 g orally once Comments : -For use as an adjunct to fluid and electrolyte replacement -Current guidelines should be consulted for additional information. Usual Adult Dose for Urinary Tract Infection IV: 200 to 400 mg IV every for 8 to 12 hours for 7 uti to 14 days Oral : Immediate-release: 250 to 500 mg orally every cipro 12 hours for 7 to 14 days Extended-release. Use: For treatment of nosocomial pneumonia due to Haemophilus influenzae or K pneumoniae Usual Adult Dose for Pneumonia IV: 400 mg IV every 8 to 12 hours Oral: 500 to 750 mg orally every 12 hours Duration. Use: For treatment of inhalational anthrax (postexposure) to reduce incidence/progression of disease after exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis US CDC recommendations : -IV: 400 mg IV every 8 hours -Oral: 500 mg orally every 12 hours Duration of Therapy : Postexposure. Some isolates of P aeruginosa may develop resistance relatively quickly during therapy. Do not chew the microcapsules when you take the oral liquid. Usual Pediatric Dose for Pyelonephritis 1 year for or older : IV: 6 to 10 mg/kg IV every 8 hours Maximum dose: 400 mg/dose Oral: 10 to 20 mg/kg orally every 12 hours Maximum dose: 750 mg/dose Total. If you have any of these symptoms while on ciprofloxacin, let your doctor know right away. Do not double doses. This allergic reaction, which can be life-threatening, may include hives, swelling of the throat, and difficulty breathing. Some Experts Recommend : -Vibrio vulnificus: 400 mg IV every 12 hours Comments : -Recommended for use with ceftazidime (1 to 2 g IV every 8 hours) dosage or cefotaxime (2 g IV every 8 hours) Usual Adult Dose for. Use: For treatment of acute sinusitis due to H influenzae, S pneumoniae, or M catarrhalis Usual Adult Dose for Skin or Soft Tissue Infection IV: 400 mg IV every 8 to 12 hours Oral: 500 to 750. Storage for requirements : -IV injection: Store between 5C to 25C (41F to 77F protect from light; avoid excessive heat; protect from freezing. Keep using this medicine for the full treatment time, even if you feel better after the first few for doses. Also, it is best to take the doses at evenly spaced times, day and night. Ask your doctor if you have any questions. Systemic/severe anthrax includes anthrax meningitis, inhalation anthrax, injection anthrax, gastrointestinal anthrax, and cutaneous anthrax with systemic involvement, extensive edema, or lesions of the head or neck. Oral: 500 mg orally every 12 hours. Doctors prescribe ciprofloxacin to treat or prevent infections caused by various bacteria that are sensitive to ciprofloxacin. For example, if you are to take one dose a day, try to take it at the same time each day.
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